After much speculation in the past few months, BMW has officially announced the return of the 4-cylinder engines in the U.S. market since 1999. But this time, it comes equipped with a turbocharger. The new 2.0-liter turbocharged four-cylinder engine will be the first to cross the Atlantic Ocean to the United States.
The new BMW four-cylinder engine uses twin-scroll turbo technology to generate a maximum of 240 horsepower at 5,000 rpm and 260 lb-ft of peak torque at 1,250 rpm. The move to smaller displacement engine with a turbocharger provides better fuel efficiency and lighter weight on the car. BMW claims the new 2.0-liter turbocharged four-cylinder engine provides better performance and fuel efficiency than the current 3.0-liter six-cylinder naturally aspirated engine.
BMW has not confirmed which models will be getting the new 2.0-liter turbocharged engine, but recent announcements did mention a few models, and these are the BMW X1, Z4 sDrive30i, and as well as the 1 and 3 Series.
[ title=”Press Release”]
BMW Four-Cylinder Engines Return to US in 2011
New 2.0-liter turbocharged four-cylinder offers performance of a six
Woodcliff Lake, NJ – January 28, 2011… BMW announced the return of a four-cylinder engine to the US BMW line-up for the first time in since 1999. Like the company’s latest 3.0-liter turbo inline six, the new 2.0-liter engine will combine twin-scroll turbocharging with high-pressure direct-injection and BMW’s VALVETRONIC intake control. With 240 horsepower and 260 lb-ft of torque, it offers more power and torque than BMW’s normally aspirated 3.0-liter inline six. It will arrive later in 2011.
Maximum output of 240 horsepower is achieved at 5,000 rpm, 1,500 rpm lower than in the normally-aspirated 3.0-liter inline six. The peak torque of 260 lb-ft, comes on stream at just 1,250 rpm. Not only is that 30% more torque than the aforementioned inline six, it also peaks 1,500 rpm earlier. The vigorous power comes on early and climbs steadily all the way to redline.
The four-cylinder engine with its all-aluminum crankcase is lighter and more compact than a six-cylinder engine of equivalent power. The turbocharger is a twin-scroll system. The exhaust streams leaving the two pairs of cylinders are kept completely separate as they flow through the exhaust manifold and the turbocharger, taking a spiral path to the turbine wheel. This configuration results in very low exhaust back pressure at low engine rpm, and allows the energy of the exhaust gas pulses to be optimally managed and translated into powerful rotation of the turbine blades, without a delay in throttle response.
The patented BMW VALVETRONIC system with seamlessly variable intake valve lift control dispenses with the throttle valve system typical of conventional engines. Instead, combustion air mass is controlled inside the engine, resulting in much faster response. Pumping losses are kept to a minimum, making the engine more efficient.
The High Precision Injection direct-injection system also helps to improve efficiency. Centrally positioned between the valves, solenoid injectors with a maximum injection pressure of 200 bar (2,900 psi) precisely control the supply of fuel. The fuel is injected very close to the spark plug, resulting in clean and homogeneous combustion.
The cooling effect of the injected fuel also allows for a higher compression ratio than might otherwise be possible. This results in further efficiency improvements.
US-specific model and timing information will follow at a later date, but this new chapter in the story of BMW EfficientDynamics will arrive later this year.